Correlation, Causation, and the NFL

It’s Football Season… Tom Brady posted about the Madden “curse” the other day and it got me thinking, “Is it really a curse or just clever manipulation of events?” Of course, this reminded me of how often people confuse correlation with causation. My initial example (on my Instagram account) was about vaccines and autism (that’s a link to the retraction), but it drew too much heat. So, let’s try this again with football and the NFL. What is the Curse There are currently 21 Madden covers (1999-2019) and 24 players that have graced the covers. But before I begin my…